Experimental series of manipulated photograms - A photogram is a photographic image made without a camera by placing objects directly onto the surface of a light-sensitive material such as photographic paper and then exposing it to light. The usual result is a negative shadow image that shows variations in tone that depends upon the transparency of the objects used. In this series I used different materials such as glass and foil (so I could draw on it) and prints of 19. century engravings mostly from 1797 Dutch edition De Sade's La Nouvelle Justine. After the print was processed and still wet I used a drypoint needle and scratched the surface. What I loved about this project is the whole darkroom process and the range of tones depending upon the transparency of the object I used.